Definitions

1.1 Academic Permit Year: The period of time from August 16 of one calendar year until August 15 of the next calendar year.

1.2 Accessible Aisle: The road space adjacent to all curb cuts built for wheelchair access from the street to the sidewalk and the space adjacent to each mobility-impaired parking space identified by white or yellow diagonal lines.

1.3 Bicycle: A device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, and supported by either two tandems or three wheels, one of which is 16 inches or more in diameter.  For the purpose of this Policy, a bicycle will be deemed a vehicle.

1.4 Bicycle Path: A paved strip or path that is designated for use by bicycles.  May be adjacent to a roadway, or be a separate route to a roadway, and may also include strips to delineate bicycle lanes from pedestrian lanes.

1.5Campus: All property located in and around Durham, North Carolina, which is owned or leased by the Duke University and Duke University Health System.

1.6 Carpool/Rideshare:
Carpool:  An organized group of three or more commuting members who regularly ride together in one car and share the use of a carpool permit issued by PTS.
Rideshare:  Two commuters who regularly ride together in one car and share the use of a rideshare permit issued by PTS.

1.7 Citation: A ticket issued by PTS or the Duke University Police department for violations to parking policies.

1.8 Contractor:  An individual, company, or firm that provides services or goods to Duke University or Duke University Health System.

1.9 Crosswalk: Any portion of a roadway distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines, other markings on the surface, a raised elevation of asphalt or concrete and/or signs.

1.10 Duke Police:  Department that enforces parking regulations established by Duke Parking and Transportation Services.

1.11 Emeritus: Faculty members so designated by the Office of the Provost.

1.12 Employees: Faculty (including non-salaried visiting faculty), research/associate/teaching/intern (post doctoral) employees, re-employed retirees, administrative officers, extension personnel (i.e. employees whose primary work place is on another research or medical campus other than the main Duke and medical campuses), clerical personnel and all other non-student employees of Duke University and Duke University Health System employed part-time, full-time or temporarily.

1.13 Encroachment:  The act of parking a vehicle in a manner that places it’s tire(s) or body into an adjacent parking space.

1.14 Faculty in Residence: Employees who live on campus in residence halls; eligible for a reserved parking space and payroll deduction of permit charges.

1.15 Fire Lane: Any area specifically marked, striped, signed or designated where vehicles are prohibited from parking, and/or any area in which direct and immediate access to a fire hydrant or fire fighting apparatus would be blocked by a parked vehicle.

1.16 Loading Zone: Any area designated by signs, bumper guards, and/or pavement markings that proclaim use for loading and unloading.

1.17 Moped/Scooter: Any motorized two-wheeled vehicle which is capable of carrying a rider and which is currently exempt from North Carolina motor vehicle registration and licensing regulations.

1.18 Motorcycle: Any motorized two-wheeled vehicle which is capable of carrying a rider and which is currently subject to North Carolina motor vehicle registration and licensing regulations.

1.19 No Parking Area: Any area not specifically marked, striped, or designated for parking.

1.20 Operator: A person in physical control of a vehicle that is in motion, stopped, or standing.

1.21 Park: The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, other than while actually engaged in the loading or unloading of passengers.

1.22 Parking Area: Any place or area specifically set aside, marked or assigned by PTS for the parking of vehicles, either permanently or temporarily. Spaces in gravel lots are indicated by a concrete wheel bumper at the head of each space. Parallel/angled spaces are striped on either side of parked vehicles, excluding unmarked gravel lots.

1.23 Parking Meter/Pay Station: Any mechanical device activated by coin, currency, or credit/debit card that enables an individual to purchase parking for a specified parking space or lot in incremental units of time.

1.24 Parking Meter Space: Any space where a parking meter is installed.

1.25 Parking Meter Zone: Any area, including on streets or in a parking lot where parking meters are installed.

1.26 PTS: Parking and Transportation Services at Duke University. The department responsible for, but not limited to: transportation planning, transit services, designation of rules and regulations for parking and traffic, registration of vehicles, distribution of permits, collections of parking fees and fines, renovations, and construction of parking and transportation facilities on the Duke University campuses and the Duke Health System campus adjacent to Duke University.

1.27 Pay Lot: Any parking lot or area where payment for parking is required based on the length of time the vehicle is parked.  Pay lots may be controlled by automated pay stations or by attendants who collect parking fees.

1.28 Registered Vehicle: A vehicle registered with PTS and authorized to display a Duke parking permit.

1.29 Repeat Offender: Anyone with 10 or more citations (paid or unpaid) in a 6 month period.

1.30 Reserved Lot:: Any parking lot marked for a specific parking permit, permit type, user, or use.

1.31 Reserved Space: Any parking space marked for a specific  parking permit, permit type, user or use.

1.32 Resident Coordinator: Full-time Housing and Residence Life employees who live on campus in residence halls and are eligible for a reserved parking space and payroll deduction for permit charges.

1.33 Retired Employee:
Individual who has separated from employment with Duke University because of completion of an appropriate term of service, or due to a mental or physical disability, and who are drawing funds from one of Duke's retirement programs, and are not receiving compensation for current services.

1.34 Sidewalk: All property along or by any street, highway, or roadway which is intended for pedestrian use and which lies between the curb line and lateral line of any street, highway, or roadway and the line at which the use of property for purpose other than pedestrian traffic ends.

1.35 Street, Highway, or Roadway: The entire width of a corridor designed or marked by proper authorities for vehicular traffic.

1.36 Student: Any person registered for classes with the University as a full-time, part-time, graduate, or other special basis.  This does not include employees of Duke who are in a full-time permanent position and taking classes.

1.37 Temporary Employee: Individual who is not a student, and who is working for the University in a position that is not considered a “regular”, long-term position.

1.38 Transfer Student: Any student who enrolls at Duke and receives credit for class hours from another college or university, and had been verified through the Registrar as a transfer student.

1.39 Travel Lane: The portion of the road between the center line and curb where vehicles or bicycles are permitted to operate, but where parking is prohibited.

1.40 University:  Duke University Campus in Durham, North Carolina.

1.41 University and Health System Holidays: Those days named as official University or Health System holidays, with the exception of Labor Day, since classes are in session (see academic calendar) Holidays do not include periods when classes are not in session such as fall, winter, and spring breaks.

1.42 Unregistered Vehicle: Any vehicle parked on campus or on other properties leased by Duke that is not on file with PTS, whether or not it displays a parking permit.

1.43 Unsettled Fine, Fee and Charge: A fine, fee, or charge levied by PTS that has not been paid.

1.44 Vanpool: A group of commuters who have organized a carpool through GoTriangle or Piedmont Authority for Regional Transportation.

1.45 Vehicle: A mechanical or motorized device used to transport people and/or property on the Duke Campus.

1.46 Vendor: A business and its employees who sell or deliver services or goods to students, employees or departments.

1.47 Visitor: An individual not identified as an employee, student, temporary employee, non-salaried visiting faculty, or adjunct faculty.

1.48 Walk or Walkway: A path designated for use by pedestrians along a street, roadway or other area.